Dr. Maria Montessori
The Montessori approach to education takes its name from Dr. Maria Montessori, an Italian physician and educator (1870-1952). Dr. Maria Montessori developed her educational philosophy as a result of her scientific observations of the way children naturally learn.
The Montessori Method of education was developed by Dr. Montessori, who wrote many books on the subject of educating children, including such classics as The Absorbent Mind, Discovery of the Child, The Child in the Family, The Montessori Method, Peace and Education, Secret of Childhood and others. Dr. Montessori was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1949, 1951, and 1952. Dr. Montessori died in 1952.
The Montessori Method of education, developed by Dr. Maria Montessori, is a child-centered educational approach based on scientific observations of children from birth to adulthood. Dr. Montessori’s Method has been time tested, with over 100 years of success in diverse cultures throughout the world. It is a view of the child as one who is naturally eager for knowledge and capable of initiating learning in a supportive, thoughtfully prepared learning environment. It is an approach that values the human spirit and the development of the whole child.
The Montessori philosophy of education focuses on educating the WHOLE child: physically, emotionally, intellectually, socially, and spiritually. Montessori philosophy views each child as a spiritual being and a unique individual whose education should be designed to prepare the child for life through the fullest possible development of the human potential.
Peace education of the child is also an important aspect of Montessori education, teaching the child how to resolve conflict and live and work peacefully in community with others. Montessori schools emphasize respect and community building as part of the educational process.
The Montessori environment contains specially designed, manipulative materials inviting children to engage in learning activities of their own individual choice. Under the guidance of a trained Montessori teacher, children in a Montessori classroom learn by making discoveries with the materials, cultivating concentration, motivation, self-discipline, and a love of learning.